Rwanda has undergone one of the worst atrocities in human history. A carnage that made billion of people around the world question the role of the UN Convention on genocide in preventing and punishing genocide which was signed in 1948. The “Never again” stated by the convention has failed in stopping the atrocity of 1994 in Rwanda where , between April and July, about a million people were slaughtered. The Rwandan Genocide shows a complex understanding which need to be well clarified in order to bring a better understanding of the role play by the West particularly France. The particularity place on France is mainly based on complex policies established in Rwanda and other African Francophone nations

This study is an examination of the analysis and critique of the crisis in Rwanda in 1994. It  seeks a critical approach of the role play by the international community and their responsibility to protect. To understand the political implications in that crisis, I will examine three aspects: Rwanda under colonial rule, Rwanda after independence and Rwanda under the structural adjustment plan guided by  the IMF. Those three aspects, I believe,  are the roots of the 1994’s genocide and indicative of the failure of UN, international organizations, and France in particular to ensure human security in Rwanda.


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