The Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC) is one of the poorest country in the world. For many decades, the nation went through political instability, armed conflicts and rampant corruption. It also happens to be the home of one of the world most vital natural resource, Coltan, a vital ingredient in the production of cell phones, computers, and technological apparels in general. Without Coltan, the milieu of technology, that of day to day, will be undermined as Congo has 80% of the world supply. The country rich underground soil also has other considerable minerals such as gold, copper, diamond, cobalt, uranium, or oil. If one thinks that with such resources potential the RDC is better-off, the reality is far from the case. Since the mid-90s, armed groups have used minerals to fund horrible atrocities.
In a country where most of the population lives with less than a dollar per day, Congo mineral resources have been more of a curse than a blessing. In the exploitation of those resources about 500,000 people have been enslaved, and among them most are trafficked, particularly children and women. The notorious situation in the RDC , where violence and and exploitation in the mines are crucial tools to increase minerals productivity, unfolds an untold reality, that where the exploited workers are perceived as individuals who do not deserve the state protection, whereby making them stateless within their own nation. For many years now, living within a country blessed with expensive and useful minerals, many inhabitants of the Republic Democratic of Congo found themselves trapped in a vicious cycle of suffering without proper protection and care from their governments.
In an attempt to bring clarification to the situation of the Congolese people, I will try to prove that the enslaves workers and poor citizens are trapped within a system that do not enable them to be free and to thrive because of the inability of the power in place to truly connect with the people. Such inability is deeply rooted in the need of the sovereign states to enhance the production of resources at all cost to meet the demand of Multi-nationals while preserving their legitimacy over their people. In addition, I will try to understand
how through colonial rules and neocolonialism the state and International corporations have participated in creating a milieu that promote a ‘laisser-faire’ within the country when it comes to natural ressources exploitation, thus undermining human security and exacerbating poverty within communities. Such careless situations produced countless conflicts which in return facilitated trafficking and the enslavement of many women and children. With the inability of the power in place to establish full legitimacy within the nation the product of trafficking led to the denationalization of the enslaved who, without any right, freedom, and protection, became stateless within their own nation.
This paper is both exploring the produced reality in the RDC while questioning the role of the mains actors/decision makers who benefits directly or indirectly from the many ressources mined by the forgotten ‘citizen’ of the RDC. I will examine Giorgio Agamben argument on the paradox of sovereignty, state of exception and the argument of the Muselmann, and how they positively correlate with the situation of resources exploitation in the RDC .